Skills Card: Treating Fractures
No. 5 on our list of 25 things every hunter should know. Download it below, then print it out, take it home or even hunting.
June 08, 2009
A closed fracture is a broken bone that has not caused an open wound. A victim won’t want to move the injured area. Swelling may occur. An open, or compound, fracture has the same symptoms plus the sharp edges of the broken bone have cut through the skin.
Collarbone or Shoulder Fracture: No splint is necessary. Place the forearm in a sling with the hand raised about 3 inches higher than the elbow. Tie the upper arm against the side of the body with a wide cravat bandage.
Upper Arm Fracture: Tie one padded splint to the outside of the upper arm. Place the forearm in a sling. Use a cravat bandage to tie the upper arm against the side of the body.
Lower Arm or Wrist Fracture: Use splints long enough to hold the wrist, lower forearm and elbow motionless. Place the splinted arm in a sling with the thumb.
Lower Leg Fracture: Apply two splints, each as long as the distance from the middle of the thigh to just past the heel. Place the splinter on either side of the injured limb and bind them together.
Thigh Fracture: Use padded splints, one for outside the leg extending from heel to armpit, and one for inside the leg from heel to crotch. Bind the splint together. (Note: All knots should be square knots.) First-Aid Kit Basics